-Dr. Neophythos Loizides and Başak Ekenoğlu “Refugees, Settlers and Diasporas in the Cyprus Conflict” in Cyprus and the Roadmap for Peace (Michalis Michael and Yücel Vural, eds.).
This chapter examines three ignored facets of the Cyprus conflict: the refugee, settler/immigrant and diaspora questions. Firstly, it focuses on those communities forced to displacement by addressing their varied post-conflict narratives. While Greek Cypriots maintain their right to return, Turkish Cypriots have officially advocated for the preservation of post-conflict realities. Secondly, the chapter emphasizes the issues arising from the presence of Turkish settlers/immigrants relocated to Cyprus since 1974. It investigates why those populations have demonstrated low levels of politicization and mobilization despite marginalization and fears of relocation following a negotiated peace agreement. Finally, the chapter focuses on the Greek and Turkish Cypriot diasporas by probing patterns of cooperation and conflict beyond Cyprus, including their demand for closer engagement in the peace process. By examining the perceptions of these groups and responses to their demands, the chapter aims to provide new insights on political engagement and the reunification process in Cyprus.
-Işık Kuşçu Bonnenfant “The Role of Diasporas in Conflict Resolution and Post-Conflict Resolution and Post-Conflict Peace Building: The Case of Turkish Cypriots in Britain” ISA Cooperation and Contestation in World Politics, University of Bologna, 28-30 June 2017
There is a growing literature on the role of diasporas in homeland conflicts. This role can be positive and contribute to the peace process or, alternatively, can be negative and hamper it. As non-state actors, diasporas operate on a transnational scheme and increasingly become important thanks to rapid changes in areas such as politics and technology. Diasporas constantly interact with state actors, most importantly with their respective homelands and host states. Indeed, a diaspora’s capacity to influence politics in the homeland largely depends on the attitude and actions of homelands and host states. While certain homelands can be welcoming and even seek such support from its diasporas, others are very cautious in allowing the diasporic activity. In order for diaspora communities to be influential actors, host state regimes must also allow them to organize freely as civil society groups.
This paper will analyze the role of Turkish Cypriots in Britain in the resolution of the Cyprus conflict and their future role in post-conflict peace building efforts. Emphasis will be given to the homeland and host state governments in limiting/encouraging such involvement. This case will also allow me to examine the outcomes of the interaction between state and non-state actors.
Loizides, N., Stefanovic, D. and Elston-Alphas, D. (2017). Forced Displacement and Diaspora Cooperation among Cypriot Maronites and Bosnian Serbs. In: D. Carment and A. Sadjed, ed., Diaspora as Cultures of Cooperation, 1st ed. Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, pp.151-169.